Barra de Tijuca is a new town in Rio de Janeiro’s southern outskirts. It is a long plain that lacks strong architectural events and urban marks. The site is structured by two highways that cross. On the centre of this cross imagined by Lucio Costa, the Cidade da Musica will be in the very heart of the new town.
The Cidade da Musica is raised and established on a vast terrasse ten meters above a garden designed by Fernando. Chacel. This terrasse is the public space, it is the gathering place that gives access to all concert rooms, movie theaters, rehearsal rooms, restaurant, library, shops, and the headquater of the Brazilian Symphonic Orchestra. The Cidade da Musica is seen as a large house on stilts, a great veranda above a garden with ponds, shade and trees. Also, it is an homage to an archetype of Brazilian architecture. Between the two horizontal plates of the roof and the terrasse are set the shapes of the concert rooms in an interplay of volumes and voids. The project is an urban signal, a public symbol floating on the plain with a large visibility. The architecture responds also to the beautiful mountain curves of the Siera Atlantica and the line of the sea, this place has the guarantee of being a major landmark of the greater Rio.
Location: Barra de Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Architect: Atelier Christian de Portzamparc
Team: Bertrand Beau, Nanda Eskes, Ana Paula Pontes, Clovis Cunha, Christophe Eschapasse, Duccio Cardelli, Jean-Charles Chaulet, Michael Kaplan, Tania Da Rocha Pitta, André Magalhães, Fabiana Araujo, Lecticia Gomes, Nadeijda Gomes, Marion Barray, Florence Clausel, Julien Fumat, Áurea Bezerra, Luiza Fonseca, Ricardo Marota, Dominine Lepichon, Delphine Vidon, Vania Nalin Ushara, Renata Bolliger, Daniela Busarello, Catherine Flouvat
Client: City Hall of Rio de Janeiro, Secretaria Municipal das Culturas
Program: Philharmonic Hall of 1800 places transformable into an Opéra Hall of 1300 places. Chame Music Room of 500 places. Electroacoustic of 180 places. Headquarters of the Brazilian Symphonic Orchestra.Rehearsal rooms, media library, 2 cinemas with 150 seats, 1 cinema with 300 seats, restaurant, shops, administration offices, technical spaces and parking lots.
Net area : 46 000 sqm / 968 760 sqf GFA
Gross Total Area: 90,000 sqm
Main Concert Hall Area: 2,683 sqm
Construction Documents: L.A. Rangel Arquitetos
Acoustics in France: XU Acoustique, Xu Ya Ying
Acoustics in Brazil: Acùstica & sônica
Scenography in France: Changement à Vue
Scenography in Brazil: Solé e Associados
Structure Engineering: BETON Engenharia, Carlos Fragelli, Bruno Cantarini
Landscape Designer: CAP, Fernando Chancel
Commission Date: 2002
Starting Date: 2004
Completion of major construction: December 2008 (construction stop January 2009)
Completion Date: 2011