// arthitectural / Architecture / Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildings

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildings

Architecture Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildings

According to Google Analytics the most viewed cultural buildings  in 2012 were the following:

BIG | Danish Maritime Museum

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsWhile researching the placement of the Maritime Museum, we discovered the abandoned yet cavernous 150m long, 25m wide, and 9m deep concrete dry dock and knew straightaway that we had found the ideal location for our proposal. In order to build the Maritime Museum in the old dry dock it had to be reinforced in order not to cave in. We could either support the structure through an added layer of concrete throughout its interior but this would cover its beautiful old concrete walls or by digging around the dry dock walls and creating supportive rib walls on its exterior which proves to be too costly. Instead we propose to bend the rules of the competition and place the museum on the periphery of the dry dock walls in order to both act as its new reinforcing structure but also serving as the façade of the new museum. [Read more]



Zaha Hadid Architects | MAXXI: National Museum of XXI Arts

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildings

The MAXXI relates with the urban context within which it is set by renewing the horizontal development of the former military barracks. The geometrical plan of the project aligns itself with the two urban grids that regulate the town planning structure of the area and the new interpretation of these two geometrical plans within the proposal generates the surprising geometrical complexity of the campus. The two urban grids are mediated by sinuous lines that harmonise the plan and facilitate the flow within the site. The pedestrian walkway that crosses the campus is open to the public and has been reinstated after approximately 100 years of being blocked by the barracks. This walkway follows the soft outline of the museum, sliding below the upper level galleries towards Via Masaccio. The interior of the MAXXI can be seen by visitors and pedestrians through the numerous openings in the MAXXI’s curvilinear walls that on the one hand, protect its contents, yet beckon the visitor through the broad glazed surface on the ground floor. [Read more]

Steven Holl Architects | Hangzhou Music Museum

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe Music Museum master plan design proposes to unify the campus through the voids between buildings – like a caesura in music. The scheme identifies five voids between the buildings to form the overall morphology of the campus. The first void is the ancient garden with existing trees. The second void is the new Music Plaza with reflective pond and arrival space. The third, fourth, and fifth voids utilize the spaces between buildings with different programs, providing open areas for music performance, scholarly discussions, cafes, restaurants, and recreation. These voids are formed by simple wooden pergolas, which hark back to Song Dynasty architecture, when the first wood construction standards were published. The pergolas have a special cast glass shingled roof embedded with translucent solar PV cells and LED lights. During the day, the sun shines on the pergolas and PV cells collect the energy. At night, the lighting of the pergolas comes from the LEDs, bringing life to the whole campus. [Read more]

 Matteo Cainer Architects Ltd | National Museum of Afghanistan

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe construction of the Afghan museum celebrates the richness of Afghanistan’s cultural heritage and the spirit of its peoples. In a nation devastated by war, the wealth of its cultural background and the spirit of its peoples are embodied here. In spite of the years of conflict and turmoil, the underlying strengths of the country remain intact, embedded in the earth and rising from it. The new National Museum of Afghanistan awakens the nation’s cultural heritage through powerful symbolic references, where physical fragments and traces inform us of its past. This concept is well illustrated in the ‘negative spaces’ of the artist and sculptor Rachel Whiteread that highlight the memory of an object, rendering the invisible visible through a reversal of solid and void. Here this ‘absent presence’ is found in the day-lit foyer, a tranquil and serene space filled with water and greenery. Entering the main hall, each visitor defines their own experience of the museum, ascending the monumental stairs from the foyer at its heart, aware of the depth of knowledge expressed in the deep recesses of its masonry walls. [Read more ]

Office 25 Architects | Busan Opera House

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe design process, through some architectural gestures and various symbolisms, aimed to create a building that would be an indisputable landmark of Busan.  The need of such a landmark derives from the unique characteristics and dynamics of the city. Busan already enjoys exceptional natural and urban environment along with privileged location. All these factors consist of a perfect canvas for an architectural landmark of art and culture that will help the city to rise as a world class culture and tourism center. [Read more]

 Steven Holl Architects | NYU Department of Philosophy

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe Dean of the Faculty of Arts & Sciences and a committee of Philosophy Professors collaborated in the selection of Steven Holl Architects to design the complete interior renovation of an 1890 corner building at 5 Washington Place for the consolidation of the New York University Department of Philosophy within a concept which organizes the new spaces around light and phenomenal properties of materials. [Read more]

 BIG | National Library in Astana, Kazakhstan

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe Architecture of the National Library fuses 4 universal archetypes into one new national monument : The circle, the rotunda, the arch and the yurt are merged in the form of a Möbius strip. The clarity of the circle, the courtyard of the rotunda, the gateway of the arch and the soft silhouette of the yurt are combined to create a new national monument appearing local and universal, contemporary and timeless, unique and archetypal at the same time. [Read more]

 Foster + Partners | Library for the Faculty of Philology – Free University of Berlin

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe foundation of the Free University in 1945 marked the rebirth of liberal education in Berlin after the war; since then it has occupied a central role in the intellectual life of the city. Today, with more than 39,000 students, it is the largest of Berlin’s three universities. This redevelopment scheme includes the restoration of its Modernist buildings and the creation of a new library. [Read more]

 New Wave Architecture | University of Semnan auditorium and library

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildings

Semnan is the capital city of Semnan province .Summers tend to be very hot and dry with average day time temperatures hovering around 37˚c. Meanwhile winters are cold and gutsy, occasionally wet. Locating at Semnan university campus as a focal point, offers an architectonic articulation with different architectural styles of surrounding faculties in the campus. The concept has been configured on the basis of two separated but compounded architectural constructions – An auditorium and a Library-as the hub of campus. The main challenge was to create two buildings with different spatial characteristic. A calm, encouraging and convenient space for academic library and on the other side, an auditorium with conference halls and maintenance spaces seeking to be welcoming, dynamic and crowded. Hence, the project points towards an eloquent and sober architectural dialogue in an academic context. [Read more]


Dominique Coulon et associés | Library in Anzin

Best of 2012: Most viewed cultural buildingsThe building reveals its preciousness at first sight. Its pure, sophisticated geometry situates it as a public building. The deliberate areas of transparency reveal its content. The reading rooms present the building to the town in the manner of an invitation. The multimedia library is covered with large white veils that reflect the light.  [Read more]


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